How do electrical winches work?
In essence, electrical winches are rope winches that are powered by an electric motor. This is also where the term motor winch comes from. The motor drives the winch drum via a gear. As the rope is wound onto the drum, the attached load is pulled towards the winch. When the winch stops pulling, a brake on the winch holds the load. Of course, in order to move loads, the electric rope winch must be securely mounted on a vehicle or trailer. The mounting for the electric winch must be able to withstand the maximum traction force of the winch.
Practical requirements for operating an electric winch
Electric rope winches naturally need power in order to work 230V winches can draw power from the mains because these electric winches are fixed in place, e.g. wall mounted. 12V winches and 24V winches are almost always mounted on vehicles. Here, the necessary power is usually supplied by the vehicle battery or a battery provided specifically for this purpose. Electric winches draw a lot of current under high load, so it is important to ensure that the correct battery size and cable diameter are used. We recommend copper cable with a cross-section of 35mm². As an example, our 12V Come Up Rhino 8 with a traction force of 3.5 tonnes draws 340A under full load. This means that the electric winch consumes approximately 35Ah within ten minutes of operation. If used several times a day, 100Ah is quickly consumed. This must be taken into account when selecting the battery size. All our electric winches have a manual or pneumatic free-spooling drum. This has the big advantage that the drum can move freely when the winch rope is pulled. This makes it much quicker than if you have to slowly unwind the rope from the winch drum using the electric winch motor.
Electric rope winches for a wide range of applications
ProLux offers a very wide range of electric winches with traction forces ranging from 800kg to 6800kg. This load range means that we can supply electric winches for almost all winch applications. It is important to check the winch’s maximum pulling capacity before purchasing your winch. You will also need to consider how often the winch will be used. The motor of the electrical winch gets very warm under high load. To avoid unnecessary motor damage, the winch motor must always be allowed to cool down between uses. This prevents the electric motor from becoming too hot due to repeated use. Choose an electric winch with a pulling capacity that is well above what you expect to use. Winch motors that are not used at the limit do not get as warm and therefore take less time to cool down. Multiple loads are then no problem.
Electric winches for pulling loads
In the breakdown service sector or when transporting cars, rolling loads are normally pulled by an electric winch. After overcoming the rolling resistance, cars, for example, can be moved with a relatively low winch load because the winch only has to take on part of the car’s weight. This is not the case if the car’s wheels have seized up. In this situation, the whole weight of the load has to be dragged. This is similar in the forestry sector when it comes to moving felled trees. For these applications, a winch with the highest possible pulling capacity should be used. A large rope capacity of the drum is also an advantage. This allows you to use a longer winch cable or synthetic winch rope on the drum in order to pull objects that are further away.
Electric winches for recovering vehicles
Vehicle recovery is usually carried out by breakdown services or fire and rescue services. In these situations, the electric recovery winch needs the highest possible pulling capacity because vehicles that have been involved in an accident are often not able to roll and provide a lot of resistance when pulled. A longer rope on the winch drum is also advantageous here.
Useful accessories for an electric rope winch
Electric rope winches are usually operated using a cable remote control with a cable length of approximately 5m. This means that the operator is not able to move far from the electric winch. A radio remote control is much more convenient and safer in practice. Our radio remote controls for cable winches allow you to move approx. 30-50 m away from the electric cable winch. This means that you can control the winch directly from where the object is being pulled or recovered and intervene if necessary. With our snatch blocks, you can redirect the course of your winch line by 180 degrees and therefore double the pulling capacity of the electric winch. You can also use the snatch block to reduce unwanted diagonal pull.
Buy electrical winches and accessories in the ProLux online shop
We supply a very large range of professional and robust electric winches for all load weights and at great prices. The range also includes lots of useful accessories for electric winches, such as ropes, snatch blocks, rope tensioners, and roller fairleads. If required, we can quickly provide you with a suitable spare part. Our winch service department carries out repairs as well as requested alterations to winches. Just ask!
Our electric winches are used in many sectors and are a reliable aid when moving or pulling heavy loads. The winches are powered by a 12V or 24V electric motor. Our electric winches are used, for example, on towing and recovery vehicles, in the forestry, construction, off-road and agricultural sectors. ProLux winches are renowned for their excellent value, efficiency and long service life.